Jim Crow Laws
Ships, troops, or aircraft may be used to prevent people, supplies, or other materials from leaving or entering an enemy country.
A war between two different groups of citizens of the same country that are both trying to gain control of the government.
Established citizenship for all people born in the United States and said that states could not take away citizens’ rights or deny equal protection under the law.
To demoralize an enemy by crippling their ability to fight.
Murder for a political reason.
A type of tenant farming, or farming land owned by someone else.
Welfare agency to help formerly enslaved people become full citizens.
Were essential to moving goods and troops around to battle sites without marching or pulling the goods by hand.
A speech that President Abraham Lincoln gave on November 19, 1863, to dedicate a national cemetery after the only big battle fought on northern soil.
A legal term for an order that requires a person who has been put in jail to be released.
State and local laws that existed in southern states from the 1870 to 1960s that made racial segregation—separation by races—legal.
A negative term for northerners who moved to the South for political or economic gain.
The act of formally breaking away from an organization, including a government.
Guarantees the right to vote could not be denied based on race or skin color.
The act of freeing someone from another person’s control.
A negative term for southerners who supported the federal Reconstruction plan and the Republican Party.
These states remained in the Union when Southern states seceded and remained slave holding states but were on the border between the Union and the Confederacy.
Issued on January 1, 1863, by President Abraham Lincoln, this freed all enslaved people in the Confederate states.
Laws were passed to limit the rights of newly freed African Americans and to continue the white dominance that had existed under slavery.
A plan proposed to strangle the Confederacy’s economy in much the same way snake squeezes the life out of its victims.
Steam-powered armor-plated ships used in war for the first time during the Civil War.
Formally abolished slavery in the United States.
The period in United States history right after the Civil War.